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Conservation of the Sunda Pangolin (Manis javanica) in Peninsular Malaysia: Important Findings and Conclusions

CHONG J.L, MUHAMMAD HAFIZ S., MARINA H.

Abstract


The Malayan Pangolin or the Sunda Pangolin (Manis javanica Desmarest) is one
of the eight extant pangolin species worldwide. Although threatened by illegal hunting and
habitat loss, this unique species received minimum scientific attention in Malaysia.
Conservation efforts are difficult due to lack of information in various aspects. Our seven
year study employed several methods namely questionnaire, interview-based survey
technique, and fieldwork to obtain information on the ecology and biology of this elusive
animal. Results of the questionaire and interview survey and fieldwork in three different
Malaysian landscapes revealed that the Sunda Pangolin is largely influenced by its habitat,
particularly its preferred den; within hollows of life trees in primary forest, and favourably
adapting in boulder cavities of harsh landscape, devoid of matured trees. As for parasitism
studies, Amblyomma javanese was the only tick species found, with 68.8% of the pangolins
sampled being infested. Ex-situ conservation efforts is highly recommended, with local
community awareness and creating working opportunities within rural areas is essential to
conserve the Sunda Pangolin in the long-term.

Keywords


Sunda Pangolin, Malayan Pangolin, Manis javanica, Malaysia, conservation, ecology, genetics

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