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Human-wildlife conflict : A study of local perceptions in Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia

SHAHRIMAN HASSAN, KAMARUL HAMBALI, WAN YUSOFF WAN SHAHARUDDIN, AAINAA AMIR

Abstract


The human-wildlife conflict happens when interaction between humans and wildlife occurs, resulting in undesirable influences on humans’ social, economic and cultural life, wildlife populations or the environment. There are cases of human-wildlife conflicts that have affected the daily activities of both sides. An interview-based survey of human-wildlife conflict was conducted in Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia to identify the villager’s opinion and response when they face the conflicts. A total of 195 questionnaires were distributed to three subdistricts in Jeli. Awareness, perceptions, opinions, and observations of the nuisance behaviour of wildlife and the effectiveness of precautionary measures by the authorities were discussed. Results indicated that wild boars reported the highest number of cases of human-wildlife conflict. The primary reason given for these conflicts were over-hunting and urbanization. For the type of conflicts, the respondents who have observed the wildlife indicated the highest score and lastly the respondents had also identified the Department of Wildlife and National Park and Malaysia Civil Defence Department as the most effective and trusted government authorities to manage the human-wildlife conflicts.

Keywords


Human-wildlife conflict, perceptions, Jeli, Kelantan

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