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Daily activity budget, feeding preferences and habitat choice of giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) at Zoo Negara Malaysia

ADILAH SUHAILIN KAMARUZAMAN, NUR SYAZLINA SAMSAIMON, MAYA LIYANA HAMZAH, AAINAA AMIR, KAMARUL HAMBALI, MAT NAIM RAMLI, AHMAD NIZAM ZAINUDIN, ABDUL KADIR ABU HASHIM, DENNIS TEN CHOON YUNG, LI DESHENG, LI CAIWU

Abstract


A study on the daily activity budget, food preferences and habitat choice of two giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) was carried out from February to August 2015 at Zoo Negara, Malaysia. This study used focal sampling method. For the behaviour patterns of their activities indicated that giant pandas at Zoo Negara are inactive (40.53%) most of their time, followed by locomotion (26.57%), feeding (17.10%), grooming (7.15%), excreting (6.71%) and the least is playing (1.94%). The diet of captive giant pandas entirely consists of bamboo and dietary supplements. Result from this study showed that the most preferred food provided in the cage for the two giant pandas is panda cake compared to supplements and bamboo. The study also found that the most preferred parts of the bamboo for both male and female giant pandas are the bamboo stems. Both giant pandas preferred to spend most of their time in an area which has artificial rocks, a specially designed cooling rock where the giant pandas choose to rest on a warm day and near to the rocky slope.

Keywords


Captive giant panda, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, daily activity budget, feeding preferences, habitat choice.

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