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Prevalence factor of ectoparasites infestation towards reared pig-tailed macaque (Macaca nemestrina) in monkey school, Bachok, Kelantan, Peninsular Malaysia

SOLEHUDDIN ZAINOL, AAINAA AMIR, KAMARUL HAMBALI

Abstract


Ectoparasites are common and important causes of skin diseases that is
commonly infested on pig-tailed macaque (Macaca nemestrina), often infecting the host and also indirectly to the humans that work close to them. This study conducted at monkey school, Bachok, Kelantan aims to examine the prevalence of ectoparasites infestation towards pig-tailed macaque. The ectoparasites collected were done by using combing and skin scraping technique. The most prevalent ectoparasites infestation examined are lices and followed by ticks. There are no significant differences of ectoparasites infestation between male and female reared pig-tailed macaque. The juvenile pig-tailed macaque shows a very high proportion of ectoparasites infestation in comparison to the sub-adult
pig-tailed macaque. Besides, the longer presence of the pig-tailed macaque present at the place, the lesser ectoparasites infestation was discovered. The limited space at the site causes the less activity of migrating thus it reduces the contact for the pig-tailed macaque to the other organism and unhealthy environment. This study has shown the ectoparasites infestation at this area was affected through the gender, age and the time of the pig-tailed macaque living in this area.


Keywords


Prevalence, ectoparasites, pig-tailed macaque, Bachok, Kelantan.

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