Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Preliminary study of activity budget, visitors’ effect and space preferred by a lar gibbon (Hylobates lar) in captivity

NURUL IZA ADRINA MOHD RAMELI, SIM CHOW CHEIN, MUHAMMAD ZAKI ZAINOL, MASHHOR MANSOR

Abstract


Scientific literature indicates that visitors may affect both the behaviour and
welfare of zoo animals. Data on the behaviour of a lar gibbon (Hylobates lar) in captivity were collected at Kemaman Zoo, Terengganu, Malaysia. The behaviour analyzed in this study consist of gibbon’s activity budget in captivity, the effect of visitor’s presence on gibbon’s behaviour and the influence of weather and space quality on captive gibbon’s activity. The lar gibbon spent most of its time resting either in the morning or in the evening (41.7% and 42.8%, respectively) for the 300 minutes of total observation time. There was a significant positive correlation between his behaviour and visitor’s presence. However, the
correlation was very weak (r = 0.179, p = 0.02). The correlation between weather and the space quality preferred by the gibbon was not significant and indicated that the gibbon preferred shady areas regardless of the weather. This was a preliminary assessment of the gibbon’s behaviour in captivity and could be used as a basis for the further studies about lar gibbons in captivity. Behavioral studies of gibbons in Malaysia are still limited and need to be enhanced. Future studies should include bigger sample size and be conducted within all the zoos in Malaysia to compare space quality and behavior to advice for best management
practices.


Keywords


Lar gibbon, captivity, activity budget, visitor effect, space quality

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
x
Message