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A brief study on public’s perception, knowledge and willingness to participate in primate conservation

AINI HASANAH ABD MUTALIB, SALNIZA AKMAR KAMARUSZAMAN, MUHAMMAD ZAKI ZAINOL, NURUL IZA ADRINA MOHD RAMELI, NIK FADZLY N ROSELY

Abstract


Non-human primates offer us various values, from scientific, cultural, economic
and biological aspects, besides having its own intrinsic value. However, it is undeniable that primates are one of the orders that are highly affected by anthropogenic pressures. Tackling issues of human-primate conflict require baseline information that would help managing the issues. Our study’s objectives are to determine the human’s knowledge level and perception, also willingness to participate in primate conservation level based on questionnaires distributed in social media. Respondents’ answers were also measured based on two demographic parameters which were gender and age group. The questionnaires were distributed in Malaysian Primatological Society’s official page for three weeks and statistically analysed by using nonparametric statistic tests. We found that respondents recognised Bornean orangutans the most compared to other species of Malaysian primates. We also found that female respondents are statistically more aware of primate species, and respondents aged between 20 to 29 years old scored the highest when asked on primate species. However, interest, experience and willingness to participate in primate conservation efforts recorded no significant differences based on gender or age groups. We discuss the threats and the importance of putting values on human and social level in
tackling the issues of primate conservation in Malaysia. We agree that primate conservation bodies need to be largely familiarize with social suitability in order to enhance public’s understanding and awareness regarding primate conservation efforts.


Keywords


Primate conservation, public perception, knowledge, willingness

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