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A preliminary butterfly (Lepidoptera) checklist of the Terengganu National Park, Peninsular Malaysia

G. C. YAP, MUHAMMAD HAFIZ S., J. L. CHONG

Abstract


Butterflies are the best known invertebrates with an estimated 20,000 species
worldwide and occupy a prominent place in conservation programmes and biodiversity assessments. However, there is a lack of knowledge on the butterfly fauna in Terengganu. A butterfly survey was conducted at the Terengganu National Park from 10 till 13 March 2011 by sweep netting aided by baited traps. A total of 81 butterflies belonging to 30 species from 18 genera and 5 families were identified. Nymphalidae (50.62%) was found to be the most dominant followed by Lycaenidae (30.86%) and Pieridae (12.35%) whereas Papilionidae
(4.94%) and Hesperiidae (1.23%) were also recorded. The Common four-ring butterfly (Ypthima huebneri) and common caerulean butterfly (Jamides celeno alianus) were the most abundant recorded with 15 individuals and 13 individuals, respectively, making 18.52% and 16.05%, respectively of the total individuals sampled. A checklist of butterflies was presented as the outcome of the study. Result from this study was influenced by the sampling efforts which were restrained due to heavy rain and short timeframe during the sampling period. Comprehensive studies are recommended to expand overall knowledge
and understanding of butterfly fauna in this forest.


Keywords


Lepidoptera, butterfly, Terengganu National Park, checklist.

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